Waterfalls are commonly formed in the upper course of the river. At these times the channel is often narrow and deep. When the river courses over resistant bedrock, erosion happens slowly, while the erosion occurs more rapidly the watercourse increases its velocity at the edge of the waterfall.
The List of Highest Waterfalls in India -
1. Kunchikal Falls
The Kunchikal falls is the highest waterfalls in India and second highest in Asia. The tallest waterfall of India with a height of 1,493 ft is located near Agumbe in Shimoga district of Karnataka.
Agumbe is among the places in India that receive very heavy rainfall and it has the rain forest research station in India. The India's biggest waterfall is formed by the Varahi river and lies in the Western Ghats. The Ghats is well famous for its Giant Indian squirrel, Indian bullfrog and other unique birds, rare reptiles and bizarre wild animals.
After construction of Mani Dam near Masthikatte and underground power generation station near Hulikal, Shimoga district, the water flow to this falls is greatly reduced and visible only during rainy season (July-Sept). As the falls is within restricted area, Gate pass is required to visit and the pass is being issued at Hosangadi village.
2. Barehipani Waterfalls
The Barehipani is a picturesque waterfall situated in the core area of Simlipal National Park in Mayurbhanj district of Orissa.
This waterfall is second highest waterfalls of India with a height of 1,309 ft. The gorgeous fall is surrounded by deep forest which again adds the wildness to its beauty. This two-tiered waterfall is originating near the Bay of Bengal.
The Barehipani and Joranda falls are counted amongst the most popular attractions of tribal state Orissa.
3. Langshiang Waterfalls
Langshiang Waterfalls is located near the village of Sangriang, 24 kms from Nongstoin, in West Khasi Hills district in the Indian state of Meghalaya. It can also be seen from Mawpon village.
The total height of the falls is generally quoted at around 1,106 ft. It is the 3rd highest waterfalls in India.
Langshiang, about 24-25 Km from Nongstoin, is about 30 minutes walk from Sangriang village. The Kynshi River after splitting and forms the 2nd largest River Island in Asia meets somewhere on the upstream side of Langchong (Langshiang) area.
The river passes through a valley and forms a pool called 'Wei Spi' and is surrounded by breathtaking giant cliff. The river then divert it downstream to a deep gorge forming one of the highest and biggest waterfall in the state popularly known as the 'Langshiang Falls' or 'kshaid Ur-Nar'.
It offers one of the best panoramic views of the green lawn hills nearby. Langchong consist of some falls, closer to wei spi there are two waterfalls called the 'kshaid chong' falls and 'wei spi' falls.
As the river flows downstream, it goes through deep gorge and there is an upcoming project known as the Kynshi HEP. The project will significantly enhance development and benefits like boost to tourism.
4. Nohkalikai Waterfalls
Nohkalikai Waterfalls is the tallest plunge waterfall in India. Its height is 1115 feet. The waterfall is located near Cherrapunji, one of the wettest places on Earth.
Nohkalikai Falls are fed by the rain water collected on the summit of comparatively small plateau and decrease in power during the dry season in December - February. Below the falls there has formed a plunge pool with unusual green colored water.
Cherrapunji is very famous for Hills, rainfall, living bridges and oranges. The other highest and popular waterfalls in Meghalaya are Nohsngithiang falls and Kynrem falls, These are also counted in top 10 highest water falls in India.
5. Dudhsagar Waterfalls
Dudhsagar waterfalls or The Sea of Milk is well known for its spectacular view. Dudhsagar is the fifth highest waterfall in India falling from a height of 1020ft.
Dudhsagar falls is obviously one of the most popular falls in the country and a great tourist attraction of Goa. During the monsoon season however, the falls are transformed into one of the most powerful falls in India. Dudhsagar waterfalls are among top 100 waterfalls of the world.
The falls are not particularly spectacular during the dry season but during the monsoon season however, the falls are fed by rains and form a huge force of water. Visitors could get in a train from here and disembark at the Dudhsagar stop.
It is to be noted that the Dudhsagar rail stop is not a station where passengers can expect a platform.
6. Meenmutty Waterfalls
Meenmutty waterfalls is one of the most beautiful waterfalls, falling from a height of some 980 ft in Wayanad district of Kerala. The peak is famous for its wilderness and Meenmutty Falls is the largest and most spectacular waterfall in Wayanad.
Meenmutty falls is the biggest Water falls in The Land of God, Kerala.
Meenmutty is a combination of Malayalam words Meen (fish) and Mutty (blocked). Meenmutty Falls can be reached thorough a 2 km hike though the jungle from the Wayanad-Ooty road. Meenmutty waterfalls are dangerous during rainy seasons due to high inflow and many people have drowned since 1991.
The Kombaikani Falls lie 2 kms upstream of the Meenmutti Falls on the trek path to Agastyakoodam.
7. Thalaiyar Waterfalls
Thalaiyar waterfalls also known as 'RAT TAIL' falls situated in Dindigul district of Tamilnadu. It is one of the biggest water fall form a height 974 ft and one of one of the tallest falls in Asia. The Waterfalls is very popular for its dangerous places and dark caves. The spot is still unexplored.
It appears across the valley as a long thin white strip of cascading water on a background of black rock cliff face that juts out of the foothills.
The river water coming to the falls, though 9 km downstream from Perumal Malai village and apparently clear, may be polluted, and visitors to the area are advised to avoid drinking it.
8. Jog Waterfalls
Jog Falls, Gerosoppa Falls or Joga Falls is the second-highest plunge waterfall in India located in Sagara taluk in the state of Karnataka. The falls are a major tourist attraction. They are also known as the Gersoppa Falls or Jogada Gundi.
Jog Falls is created by the Sharavathi River dropping (830 ft), making it the second-highest plunge waterfall in India after the Nohkalikai Falls with a drop of (1100 ft) in Meghalaya.
The Sharavati, flowing over a very rocky bed about 250 yards wide, here reaches a tremendous chasm, (960 ft) deep, and the water comes down in three distinct falls.
- Raja falls
- Rani falls
- Jog falls