Major Wonders of India

Dholavira Site Gujarat
Water management and water conservation are issues usually considered worthy for an international conference. What if you are told about a water management system that helped a town to meet all its water needs; not in the recent times but some three thousand years back? Incredible isn't it! Well some of you might be still reluctant to believe this. If so, visit Dholavira in Gujarat, where each bit of earth preserves a story that is three thousand years old.

Dholavira Dholavira, an archeological site in Bachau Taluk in Kutch district, is one of the five largest Harappan sites. Harappan civilization, another name for Indus Valley Civilization, is one of the world's early urban civilizations. The civilization, which flourished in the Indian subcontinent from 3300–1300 BCE, was spread over some 1,260,000 sq km and was the largest known ancient civilization.

Known locally as Kotada, which means a large fort, Dholavira sprawls over 100 hectares of semi-arid land at the north-west corner of the island of Khadir in the Great Rann of Kutch. When most of the desert land here gets submerged in the monsoon, Khadir is one among the few islands that remain above the flood-plains.

Though this great spot of the past was identified in the year 1967, a systematic excavation work started only in the 1990s. Deep down the earth slept a well-designed and well-developed town, competent to beat the blueprint of any modern day urban plans. The town is spread over an area of 100 hectares and is estimated to be designed in the shape of a parallelogram. A glance through the excavation details will give you a brief idea on what kind of life the people who once lived here followed, how they guarded the city, conserved water and what kind of utensils they used in their households.

Meenakshi Temple Madurai
According to legend, the sacred Suyambulingam discovered by the king of Gods indira at Kadambavanam, was later enshrined by him in Madurai. The fact that the Lord is seen on the vehicle of Indira in this temple is said to be proof for this.Many historical evidences of the temple have been found dating back from early A.D. The temple was almost completely destroyed in the year 1310 following the invasion of the Islamic conqueror Malikkapur.As kings who were followers of Islam were noted for their intolerance towards other religions, the invaders destroyed most of the ancient sculptures of the temple.

Thirugnanasambandar the Hindu Saint has mentioned the temple in his songs which go back to early 7th century. The Lord has been described as Alavai Iraivan in his Songs.The temple was restored to its pristine glory in the late 14th century when the Hindu Kings came back to power in Madurai.This can also be termed as a new beginning of a new era in the history of the temple, when it was almost rebuilt. The King Thirumalai Naicker played an important role in the construction of the new
form of the temple according to records.

The Madurai Meenakshi Amman Temple is now under the administration of the HR and CE department of Tamil Nadu.

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