Borra Caves - Visakhapatnam

The Borra Caves, also called Borra Guhalu, 'Borra' means something that has bored into the ground and 'guhalu' means caves), are located on the East Coast of India, in the Ananthagiri hills of the Araku Valley with hill ranges elevation varying from 800 m to 1,300 m of the Visakhapatnam district in Andhra Pradesh.

The caves are basically karstic limestone structures extending to a depth of 80 m (considered the deepest cave in India).

There are several legends, which the tribals (Jatapu, Porja, Kondadora, Nookadora, valmiki etc. who inhabit the villages around the caves narrate. The popular legend is that a cow, grazing on the top of the caves, dropped 60 m, through a hole in the roof. The cowherd while searching for the cow came across the caves.

He found a stone inside the cave that resembled a Lingam, which he interpreted as the Lord Shiva who protected the cow. The village folk who heard the story believed it and since then they have built a small temple for Lord Shiva outside the cave.

The caves are located in the Araku Valley of the Ananthagiri hill range and is drained by the Gosthani River. The cave measures up to 100 m horizontally and 75 m vertically. Stalagmite and Stalactite formations are found in the caves.

The average annual temperature of Araku hills, where the caves are situated, is about 25 °C.
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