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Yogyakarta, Indonesia

Yogyakarta also Jogja or Jogjakarta, is a city and the capital of Yogyakarta Special Region in Java, Indonesia. It is renowned as a center of education (Kota Pelajar), classical Javanese fine art and culture such as batik, ballet, drama, music, poetry, and puppet shows.
The main street and the narrow valleys in search of silversmiths, puppet makers, street arts and food vendors, soaking in the culture, people and food of Indonesia as it has always been.

Yogyakarta serves as a hub for historical and cultural Java, Indonesia, this is the best springboard for you to find the magnificent temples of Borobudur and Prambanan. Bath in the remains of two great kingdoms of two different religion - Buddhism and Hinduism.

One of the districts in Yogyakarta, Kotagede, was the capital of the Mataram Sultanate between 1575 and 1640. The city is named after the Indian city of Ayodhya from the Ramayana epic. Yogya means "suitable, fit, proper", and karta, "prosperous, flourishing".

The kingdoms which ruled yogyakarta are -

  • Mataram Kingdom (8th - 10th century CE)

  • Majapahit Empire (1293 - 1527)

  • Mataram Sultanate (1575 - 1620)

  • Aftermath of the Gianti Treaty (1745 - 1945)

  • Republic of Indonesia era (1945 - present)

The area of the city of Yogyakarta is 32.5 square kilometres.
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